When your dog has bad breath it can be extremely unpleasant for all those around them. No matter what the reason for the bad breath, all causes of bad breath need to be treated.
Bad breath also known as Halitosis usually has oral causes. There are, however, some non-oral causes; and in these cases halitosis can be a symptom of a more serious condition.
Other possible non oral causes of halitosis can stem from the airways, oesphagus, stomach and even certain metabolic conditions and behavioural conditions.
Some conditions such as Mega oesophagus where there is a dilation of the oesophagus and incomplete closure of the sphincter, where the oesophagus joins the stomach can allow the release of the smell of the fermenting food from the stomach. This usually gives off a rancid type of smell.
Diabetics can suffer from a condition called ketoacidosis and this can cause bad breath. The odour is usually sweet smelling.
Pets with chronic renal failure suffering from high levels of urea in the blood can cause a sour smelling mouth odour.
The nasal passages can also be a source of bad breath and examples of conditions that cause halitosis are infections and foreign bodies. The odour is usually foul smelling.
Coprophagia is the ingestion of faeces and is a common behavioural problem contributing to bad breath.
Bad breath can be caused from cancer in the mouth, nasal passages, throat , oesophagus and airways.
If your pet has bad breath here’s what you need to do: